Smoke and Carbon Monoxide Detectors

Educate, Legislate,
What are the laws and best practices regarding smoke and carbon monoxide detectors?
Smoke Detectors CA Building Code Section 310.9.1
All residences must have a smoke alarm:
  • In every bedroom.
  • Outside each separate sleeping area in the immediate vicinity of the bedrooms.
  • On each level of home, including basement.
  • Smoke detectors must be approved by State Fire Marshal.
  • Rental owners should follow manufacturers placement instructions.
Carbon Monoxide Detectors/Smoke Detectors
CA Health & Safety Code 13261 et seq.
  • Carbon monoxide (CO) devices must be installed outside each sleeping area of the home including basement.
  • Carbon monoxide detectors are not required in each bedroom.
  • For maximum protection against CO gas, it is recommended that a CO device be installed in each sleeping room.
  • CO detectors must be approved by the State Fire Marshal.
  • Owners should follow manufacturer’s placement instructions.
Entering Units to Test Smoke & CO Detectors
CA Health & Safety Code 13261 et seq.
  • California Health & Safety code allows rental owners to enter units to test smoke and carbon monoxide (CO) detectors.
  • Owners should follow 24 hours advance written notice procedure to enter.
  • EBRHA recommends testing smoke and CO detectors twice a year.
  • Owners can address any lease violations encountered during smoke/CO detector inspection, but the owner should not inspect private areas in the unit.
  • Owners should include Smoke Detector Addendum and CO Detector Addendum to inform resident of responsibilities.

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